Monday, February 28, 2011
Like the other big Japanese car manufacturers, Toyota has been a popular candidate for car modification and show car projects. At any show car event you wouldn't just expect to see a modified Toyota Supa but also modified Toyota Carolla and Toyota Aristo cars. These days you can even expect to see a custom Toyota Prius Hybrid or two!
Below are some of the coolest Toyota show cars from around the world...
This Web site is not just dedicated to building pimped out cars and custom cars, but to building and tuning fast modified street cars and even faster modified race cars. Custom-car.us will provide you with all the information and articles about modified cars, car customization and car modifications that you will need to build really fast modified cars for street use or for track racing. Our aim is to help you modify your car and its engine to improve engine performance and handling by providing you with all the information, tips and advice you would need to select the correct high performance auto parts for your car, to install them correctly, and to tune them. It doesn't matter whether your car modification project entails building really cool custom cars, fast modified race cars, cool modified street cars, or even pimped out cars we will provide you with the information you would need.
Information about engine tuning and car modification can become quite technical, but we attempt to bring you this information in plain English. We make the information as easy to understand as possible so that even the novice can learn about car tuning and car modifications, as well as how to increase engine power. We also guide you through engine tuning, performance tuning and car modifications for all makes of cars, including BMW, Honda, Ford, Nissan, and much more, with detailed, step by step tuning and modifying tips. And if you do get stuck with a technical term, there's always our glossary of modified car terms that you can checkup the term. If that doesn't help, you can always send us a message through our feedback form.
We discuss various techniques of car customizing and various car modifications, as well as the different car tuning methods you can use to increase engine power, maximize car performance, and build great modified cars; including:
Learn about the basics behind car modification and engine tuning. Learn how to increase engine power and build engines for power and reliability.
Cylinder Head Porting
Learn all about performance camshafts and cylinder head porting. Also learn about valve timing, camshaft timing and how to degree your camshaft.
Learn how to design wet and dry Nitrous Oxide Systems for your car. Also learn how to install NOS kits to your car and how to test and tune them.
Learn how to select and install the right turbocharger kit for your car. Also learn how to minimize turbo-lag and how best to tune a turbo or twin-turbo car.
Learn about the different types of superchargers and how to select and install the right type of supercharger that will give you the power you want.
Electronic Fuel Injection
Learn how to maintain, modify and tune electronic fuel injection (EFI), engine control unit (ECU) and engine management systems for the best performance.
Learn about the different ignition systems and how to improve and tune your ignition system for turbocharged, supercharged and modified engines.
Air Intake Systems
Learn how to improve air flow in and out of your engine by eliminating restrictions in the air intake system, and tuning the intake manifold and runners.
Learn how to design and build performance exhaust systems with the correct primary pipe lengths and diameters for all types of high performance cars.
Learn more about your car suspension and how to tune your suspension to be able to get the most out of your engine modifications.
Pimp Your Ride!
Learn about ways in which you can modify and customize your car visually to make it look as hot as it goes in our latest section on pimped out cars.
Custom-car.us has free modified car and car logo wallpapers for your desktop. We also have great modified race car and modified street car wallpapers.
Join our forum!
Join our all new modified and custom car forum where you can discuss your custom car projects, get tips on modifying thecar you have, and much more!
More Car Pictures
Custom-car.us also brings you free car pictures from the top car shows around the world, including the well known Tokyo Auto Salon and the SEMA show.
Although it does not have a lot to do with engine power and car performance, we do discuss ways in which you can modify and customize the appearance of your car to make it look as hot as it goes in our section on pimped out cars as it has everything to do with customizing cars, custom cars and modified cars! After all, what is the point of having a hot custom car if it looks a dud, unless you want the sleeper look?We will be updating this Web site and adding more information on a regular basis so that it can serve as a complete resource on modified cars, custom cars and car modification. We hope that you find this Web site and its car modification guides informative and useful for building your own cool custom car, performance tuning your own car, and getting the best performance out of your car. All the information presented here has been thoroughly researched by our contributors. In our quest to provide the best source of information on car tuning and car modification, human error is always a possibility. Therefore, you should always consult your motor mechanic about your specific car before performing any car modifications to it, and always take the necessary safety precautions before tuning cars and engines! Should you find any errors on our Web site, please inform our webmaster so that we can correct them as soon as possible. You should also note that some car customizations, such as increasing your car's ride height, can adversely affect car performance and safety, while other car modifications may be illegal in your area. You should always ensure that your car customizations are legal
Sunday, February 27, 2011
Saturday, February 26, 2011
The Honda Civic is an automobile manufactured by Honda. It was introduced in July 1972 as a two-door coupe, followed by a 3-door hatchback version that September. With the transverse engine placement of its 1169 cc engine and front wheel drive, like the British Mini, the car provided good interior space despite overall small dimensions.
Early models of the Civic were typically outfitted with a basic AM radio, rudimentary heater, foam cushioned plastic trim, two-speed wipers, and painted steel rims with a chromed wheel nut cap. The current Civic has become much more luxurious with satellite-linked navigation, a six-speed manual, power locks and power windows available. Still, many regard the Civic as representing a good value for the money, combining good performance, reliability and economy, as well as a very low rate of depreciation.
The Civic evolved from having a 1170 cc engine (1973) to having engines with larger capacities and more creature comforts (air conditioning, power windows, etc.) through the 1980s, 1990s and into the 2000s.
First generation (1973-1979)
The original 1973 Civic had a wheelbase under 87 inches and an overall length of 140 inches
Initially the Civic was sold with either a four-speed manual or a two speed "HondaMatic" model. Later models went to a five-speed manual and a full four-speed automatic transmission. Like the Mini, the transaxle was integrated with the engine unit.
Second generation (1979-1983)
The second generation Civic had a new, sleeker body and increased wheelbase to 88.6 inches for the hatchback and 91.3 inches for the wagon. The two-door sedan was no longer produced. All engines was now of the CVCC design ranging from 1335 cc giving 55 hp to 1488 cc giving 67 hp. The transmission was either a four-speed manual, a five-speed manual or a two-speed automatic. In 1981 a four door sedan was introduced and the two-speed automatic gearbox was replaced by a three speed. In 1982 it was slightly restyled with rectangular headlamps and black bumpers. In 1983 the sportier Civic S replaced the 1500GL.
Third generation (1983-1987)
For the third generation the wheelbase was increased by 5 inches to 96.5 inches. A new 12 valve (three valves per cylinder) 76 hp 1500 cc engine was introduced. The base hatchback still used the 1300 cc engine giving 60 hp. Supension was updated to independent rear suspension. The CRX was a Civic with a slightly different body. In 1985 the CRX Si was introduced. It came with a fuel-injected version of the 1500 cc engine giving 91 horsepower. In 1986 the Civic got flush-mounted headlights. Other news for the year was a four-speed automatic and an Si version of the Civic hatchback.
Fourth generation (1987-1991)
Again the wheelbase was increased to 98.4 inches. The body was designed with lower hood line and more glass giving less drag. The Civics also got a new family of engines. A 1500 cc 16-valve engine giving 92 hp was used in the DX hatchback/sedan, new LX sedan and the wagon. The base hatchback had a 70 hp version of the same engine. All engines were fuel injected. All wheels had double-wishbone suspension. In 1990 the EX trim was introduced.
Fifth generation (1991-1995)
The fifth generation had a more wedge shaped body and the wheelbase was increased to 101.3 inches for the two-door hatchback and 103.2 inches for the four-door sedan. The wagon was also dropped.
Sixth generation (1996-2000)
Beginning in 1997, Honda produced the first iteration of Civic to receive the "Type-R" appellation (applied first to the Integra Type-R), with the EK9 chassis Civic Type-R. The EK9-generation Civic Type-R had a maximum output in the range of 180 PS JIS (177 hp/132 kW), increased over the more common 160 PS (158 hp/118 kW) B16A engine in the SiR/VTi models, and included various alterations to the chassis to improve handling and reduce weight (such as better welding of the frame, and removal of the radio and noise-suppressing materials).
Seventh generation (2001-2005)
In 2001, Honda announced the release of the Civic Type-R for the EP chassis, a more sporty variant of the most recent model of Civic and successor to the EK9 Civic Type-R. Unlike the EK9 version, which was produced solely in Japan, the EP Civic Type-R is produced in the United Kingdom and exported to Japan. The EP Civic Type-R has a specific output of 200 PS (197 hp/147 kW) at 8000 rpm, a six-speed manual transmission, a reworked exterior with a bullet-like hatchback design, aeroform bumpers, spoiler, and 17 in wheels. The interior of the Type-R includes Recaro seats and a Momo steering wheel, and the model also includes Type-R-specific badging, a helical limited-slip differential, and has been reported to accelerate from zero to 60 mph in about 6.6 seconds (6.4 in facelifted model).
The hybrid version became available in 2003, which uses both a small (1.3 L) main gasoline engine and auxiliary electric motors. The electric motors are powered by a battery array which is charged by regenerative braking during deceleration, which reduces exhaust emissions and extends fuel mileage.
The new Sport Hatchback model with futuristic styling was unveiled in August 2005 for the European market only. This model featured from launch a 1.4 L I-DSI and a 1.8 L i-VTEC rated at 83 PS (81 hp/61 kW) and 140 PS (138 hp/103 kW) respectively, with 177 and 207 km/h (110 and 129 mph) top speeds and 14.2 and 8.6 sec 0-100 km/h sprint. The Sport Hatchback is also available with a 2.2 L I-CTDI Diesel engine from the Accord, Edix/FR-V and CR-V, rated at 140 PS (138 hp/103 kW) and is capable of 205 km/h (127 mph) and accelerating from 0-60 mph in 8.4 seconds.
2011 Harley-Davidson VRSCF V-Rod Muscle is one motorcycle issued by the manufacturer Harley Davidson with VRSC edition which supported the body design is comfortable to use. 2011 Harley-Davidson VRSCF V-Rod Muscle uses Frame Steel perimeter upper frame with hydroformed main rails and bolt-on lower frame rails; MIG welded. And brake use Caliper Type 4-piston front and rear. As for the engine, this motorcycle has a capacity of 1250 cc engine with a ratio of bore x stroke 105 mm x 72 mm. For the type of engine is Engine3 Liquid-cooled, Revolution®, 60° V-Twin, Valves Overhead cam, 4 valves per cylinder, solid tappet with shim-under-bucket lash adjustmentr.
U.S. MSRP - Vivid Black $17,199. Color Option $17,499. Two-Tone Option $17,699
Length 92.8 in. (2357 mm)
Overall Width 40.2 in. (1021 mm)
Overall Height 45.7 in. (1161 mm)
• Laden2 25.6 in. (650 mm)
• Unladen 26.7 in. (678 mm)
Ground Clearance 4.8 in. (122 mm)
Rake (steering head) 34°
Fork Angle 34°
Trail 5.6 in. (142 mm)
Wheelbase 67.0 in. (1702 mm)
Tires (Michelin® Scorcher™ “11” front and rear):
• Front – Scorcher™ “11” 120/70ZR-19 60W
• Rear – Scorcher™ “11” 240/40R-18 79V
Fuel Capacity 5.0 gal. (18.9 L) (warning light at approximately 0.5 gal.)
Oil Capacity (w/filter) 5.0 qts. (4.7 L)
Coolant Capacity 2.5 qts. (2.4 L)
• As Shipped 640 lbs. (290.0 kg)
• In Running Order 673 lbs. (305.0 kg)
• Gross Vehicle Weight Rating 1075 lbs. (488.0 kg)
• Gross Axle Weight Rating
• Front 377 lbs. (171.0 kg)
• Rear 698 lbs. (317.0 kg)
Engine3 Liquid-cooled, Revolution®, 60° V-Twin
Valves Overhead cam, 4 valves per cylinder, solid tappet with shim-under-bucket lash adjustment
Bore x Stroke 4.134 in. x 2.835 in. (105 mm x 72 mm)
Displacement 76.28 cu. in. (1250 cc)
Compression Ratio 11.5:1
Fuel System3 Electronic Sequential Port Fuel Injection (ESPFI)
Air Cleaner Down draft intake
Lubrication System Wet-sump, integrated with powertrain crankcase
Primary Drive Gear, 117/64 ratio
Final Drive Belt, 72/28 ratio
Clutch 9-plate, wet, A&S (Assist & Slip)
U.S. Gear Ratios (overall):
• 1st 11.752
• 2nd 7.898
• 3rd 6.322
• 4th 5.459
• 5th 4.899
Frame Steel perimeter upper frame with hydroformed main rails and bolt-on lower frame rails; MIG welded
Swingarm Polished, one-piece cast aluminum Front Forks 43 mm Inverted
Rear Shocks Preload adjustable
Wheels4: Black, 5-Spoke Cast Aluminum
• Front 19 in. x 3 in. (483 mm x 76 mm)
• Rear 18 in. x 8 in. (457 mm x 203 mm)
• Caliper Type 4-piston front and rear
• Rotor Type (diameter x width): Patented, one-piece floating rotor (front), uniform expansion rotor (rear)
• Front (dual) 11.81 in. x .2 in. (300 mm x 5 mm)
• Rear 11.81 in. x .28 in. (300 mm x 7 mm)
• Anti-lock Braking System (option) Available
• Front Wheel 4 in. (102 mm)
• Rear Wheel 2.9 in. (74 mm)
Engine Torque5 (per SAE J1349):
• North America 86 ft. lbs. @ 6500 RPM (117 Nm @ 6500 RPM)
Lean Angle (per SAE J1168):
• Right 32°
• Left 32°
(EPA urban/highway test)
34/42 mpg (6.92/5.60 L/100 km)
Battery (per Battery Council International Rating)
Sealed, maintenance-free, 12V, 19-amp/hour, 270 cca
Charging Three-phase, 38-amp system (439W @ 13V, 2000 RPM, 489W max power @ 13V)
Starting 0.08 kW electric with direct drive starter motor engagement
Lights (as per country regulation):
• Headlamp (quartz halogen) 55-watt low beam, 65-watt high beam
• Rear Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lights Integrated Dual Color LED
• Front Turn Signal Lights Integrated LED
• Indicator Lamps - High beam, neutral, low oil pressure, turn signals, engine diagnostics, security system7 (optional), coolant temperature, low fuel warnings
Brilliant Silver Pearl
White Hot Denim
Warranty8 24 months (unlimited mileage)
Service Interval First 1,000 miles (1,600 km), every 5,000 miles (8,000 km) thereafter
1 Vehicles depicted may differ from vehicles manufactured and delivered.
Specifications and prices listed may differ from specifications and prices of
vehicles manufactured and delivered. All product descriptions (including depictions,
specifications, dimensions, measurements, ratings and competitive comparisons) are
based on available information at the time of publication. Although such descriptions
are believed correct, errors and changes can occur and complete accuracy cannot
be guaranteed. Harley-Davidson may make changes at any time to prices and
specifications, and may change or discontinue models, without notice and without
incurring any obligation. Attention: Vehicles in the configurations shown and many
of the accessories described in this catalog may not be available for sale or use in
some locations. Please check with your dealer for complete product details and the
latest information. All models feature 6-speed transmission (VRSC™ models and
Sportster® models are 5-speed) and carbon fiber belt final drive; multi-plate clutch
with diaphragm spring in oil bath; and 2-year unlimited mileage warranty.
2 Measurement reflects 180 lb. (81.7 kg) operator weight.
3 Recommended 91 octane or higher fuel (R+M)/2.
4 Standard and optional wheels may vary by country and region.
5 Values shown are nominal. Performance may vary by country and region.
6 Estimated from fuel economy tests on a sample motorcycle from the corresponding
family conducted by Harley-Davidson under ideal laboratory conditions. Not all
motorcycle models undergo fuel economy testing. Fuel economy and mileage may
vary among motorcycle models within a family. Your mileage may vary depending
on your personal riding habits, weather conditions, trip length, vehicle condition and
vehicle configuration and other conditions. Break-in mileage may vary.
7 North America security system includes immobilizer; outside North America the
security system includes immobilizer and siren.
8 See motorcycle owner’s manual for complete details.
2011 Harley Davidson VRSCF V-Rod Muscle - Canada Specifications
Canadian MSRP - See your local retailer for pricing information.
Length 2410 mm
Unladen 1 705 mm
Ground Clearance 105 mm
Rake Steering Head
Trail 142 mm
Wheelbase 1700 mm
Fuel Capacity 18.9 L
Oil Capacity 4.7 L
Dry Weight 292 kg
Running Order 307 kg
Engine 2 Liquid-cooled, Revolution®, 60° V-TwinLiquid-cooled, Revolution®, 60° V-Twin
Displacement 1247 cc
Bore x Stroke in. / in.105 mm / 72 mm
Engine Torque J1349
Engine Torque 3 ft. lbs. @ rpm116 Nm @ 6500 rpm
Fuel System 4 Electronic Sequential Port Fuel Injection (ESPFI)Electronic Sequential Port Fuel Injection (ESPFI)
Compression Ratio 11.5:1
Primary Drive Gear, 64/117 ratioGear, 64/117 ratio
Fuel Economy City 5 6.9 l/100km
Fuel Economy Hwy 5 5.6 l/100km
Gear Ratio (Overall)
WHEELS / TIRES
Front 6 Black, 5-Spoke Cast AluminumBlack, 5-Spoke Cast Aluminum
Wheel Option 6
Rear 6 Black, 5-Spoke Cast AluminumBlack, 5-Spoke Cast Aluminum
Instruments Electronic speedometer with odometer, time-of-day clock on odometer, dual tripmeter, fuel gauge with low fuel warning light and countdown feature, low oil pressure indicator light, engine diagnostics readout, LED indicator lights, tachometerElectronic speedometer with odometer, time-of-day clock on odometer, dual tripmeter, fuel gauge with low fuel warning light and countdown feature, low oil pressure indicator light, engine diagnostics readout, LED indicator lights, tachometer
Indicator Lamps 7 High beam, neutral, low oil pressure, turn signals, engine diagnostics, security system (optional), coolant temperature, low fuel warningsHigh beam, neutral, low oil pressure, turn signals, engine diagnostics, security system (optional), coolant temperature, low fuel warnings
Brakes 4-piston front and rear4-piston front and rear
Exhaust System Satin chrome, dual side exhaust systemSatin chrome, dual side exhaust system
Brilliant Silver Pearl
White Hot DenimVivid Black
Brilliant Silver Pearl
White Hot Denim
1 Measurement reflects 180 lb. (81.7 kg) operator weight.
2 Recommended 91 octane or higher fuel (R+M)/2.
3 Values shown are nominal. Performance may vary by country and region.
4 Standard and optional fuel systems may vary by country.
5 Estimated from fuel economy tests on a sample motorcycle from the corresponding family conducted by Harley-Davidson under ideal laboratory conditions. Not all motorcycle models undergo fuel economy testing. Fuel economy and mileage may vary among motorcycle models within a family. Your mileage may vary depending on your personal riding habits, weather conditions, trip length, vehicle condition and vehicle configuration and other conditions. Break-in mileage may vary.
6 Standard and optional wheels may vary by country and region.
7 North America security system includes immobilizer; outside North America the security system includes immobilizer and siren.
8 See motorcycle owner's manual for complete details.
Vehicles depicted may differ from vehicles manufactured and delivered. Specifications and prices listed may differ from specifications and prices of vehicles manufactured and delivered. All product descriptions (including depictions, specifications, dimensions, measurements, ratings and competitive comparisons) are based on available information at the time of publication. Although such descriptions are believed correct, errors and changes can occur and complete accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Harley-Davidson may make changes at any time to prices and specifications, and may change or discontinue models, without notice and without incurring any obligation. Attention: Vehicles in the configurations shown and many of the accessories described in this catalog may not be available for sale or use in some locations. Please check with your dealer for complete product details and the latest information. All models feature 6-speed transmission (VRSC™ models and Sportster® models are 5-speed) and carbon fiber belt final drive; multi-plate clutch with diaphragm spring in oil bath; and 2-year unlimited mileage warranty.